It was located on the banks of river Ravi. Home; Current Affairs; Current Affairs Quiz; General Knowledge (GK) Quiz; E-Books; … Some of the major Harappan sites are as follows: As we know India has a rich and diverse cultural background. Harappa In Punjab, Pakistan on bank… Kot Diji in Sind, Kalibangan in Rajasthan, Rupar in the Punjab, Banawali in Haryana, Lothal, Surkotada and Dholavira, all the three in Gujarat; Mohenjodara is the largest of all the Indus cities and it is estimated to have spread over an area of 200 hectares . The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Of these, the two most important cities were Harappa in Punjab and Mohenjodaro (literally the mound of the dead ) in Sindh, both forming parts of Pakistan. (a) Chanhudaro (b) Kot Diji (c) Sohgaura (d) Desalpur. Archaeological Sites of Indus Valley Civilization. The Lothal site was excavated by S R Rao in 1957. 1. Most Harappan sites are located in semi-arid lands, where irrigation was probably required for agriculture. The results were based on molecular chemical analysis of residue in shards of pottery found at the archaeological site of Kotada Bhadli located in Gujarat. Early Harappan Sites i. Surkotda In Kutch district, Gujarat. It is located in Punjab Province, Pakistan, on an old bank / bed of the River Ravi. Evidences of irrigation and dams found. B. Harappa. 1. C. Harappa. The harappan belived in life after death as their dead were buried along with household items and jewellery. 7. The important findings at the site include pottery, ornaments, copper axes, chert blades, terracotta blades, one inscribed steatite seal with typical Indus pictographs, several burials interred in oval pits and a rectangular mud brick chamber. Findings suggest that Alamgirpur developed during the late-Harappan culture. Cotton has been found at Mehrgarh at least 2,000 years before the mature phase of the Civilization. Harappan culture was famous for its distinguished system of town planning. —->Early Harappan 3000–2600 BCE —->Mature Harappan 2600–1900 BCE —->Late Harappan 1900–1700 BCE The urban phase was prevalent in the mature Harappan period and began to decline afterwards. Very Interesting Info. There was a sophisticated concept of town planning in the Indus Valley Civilization. The individuals can able to solve the Indus Valley Civilization Questions and Answers only after complete preparation of the syllabus. By 2002, over 1,000 Mature Harappan cities and settlements had been reported, of which just under a hundred had been excavated, However, there are only 5 major urban sites: Harappa, Mohenjo-daro (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Dholavira, Ganeriwala in Cholistan, and Rakhigarhi. Harappan Civilization is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of humanity that flourished from around 2500 BC to 1750 BC. Other major crops include dates, varieties of legumes, … Nearly 1500 Harappan sites are known so far in the subcontinent. The famous Harappan site is considered the eastern boundary of the Indus culture. Chanhudaro (Pakistan) and Desalpur (Gujarat) are mature Harappan sites. 4. 1. Learn about the decline of IVC. The discoveries made at these architectural sights give us great insight into the lives & lifestyles of our ancestors. The Indus valley civilization is also called the Harappan culture. Home » UPSC sample papers » Indus Valley Civilization Objective Questions and Answer. Surkotada, Lothal, and Dholavira are the important port towns in the Indus valley. Which metal was not known to the Harappan people? Navigation. The word Veda is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Vida’  that denotes gyan or knowledge. It is one of the five largest Harappan sites and most prominent archaeological sites in India belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization. Indus Valley Civilization:- Download PDF Here. Mud brick and stone rubble used. 96 sites have been excavated, mostly in the region of the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra Rivers and their tributaries. Questions on Ancient History in 2020 Prelims – With reference to the period of the Gupta dynasty in ancient India, the towns Ghantasala, Kadura, and Chaul were well known as The Indus valley site of Harappa was first visited by Charles Mason in … Traces of Harappan Pottery (2300 to 2000 BC) were also found at archaeological sites in Bahrein and some of the coastal points of the Gulf and further representation of ships and boats are found on Pottery. Also known locally as Kotada timba, the site contains ruins of an ancient Indus Valley Civilization/Harappan city. Harappa is the first discovered site of this civilization excavated in 1921 by a team led by Daya Ram Sahni. In this article, we have discussed some of the important points of Indus Valley Civilization for the UPSC exam. Although the Harappans practiced agriculture, animals were … क्या आप भारत सरकार के वरीयता क्रम से अवगत हैं? Indus Valley Civilization Important Sites. Fort within Fort is also unique feature of Dholavira. Ancient, Medieval and Modern. NCERT Extracts - The Harappan Culture History. Match the following organisation with their … 2. Harappa In Punjab, Pakistan on bank… • Alexander Cunningham visited Harappa twice, first in 1853 and then in 1856 and recorded the existence of a series of mounds. ii. • The site of excavation located in the plains of the ancient Drishadvati river, happens to be the “one of the largest Harappan site” measuring 230 hectares, next to Mohenjodaro. 2700- BC. Its location along old course of Ravi provided access to trade networks, aquatic food and water for drinking and cultivation. Important Sites. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Most Important 50 MCQ of Indus Valley Civilization. for 800 years. 8. Rakhigarhi is probably the largest site of … List of archaeological sites of Indus Valley Civilisation which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc. UPSC sample papers Indus Valley Civilization Objective Questions and Answer. It was a coastal town. Himanshu Agrawal. Your email address will not be published. Now suppose you are marking questions from say Environment and suddenly you some across this question, and if unfortunately you had read about Harappan and its sites, you will be most likely to fall in trap.. What will happen is that most of the aspirants will leave the environement questions and will start googleing the Harappan sites in UP and they will read all the sites in UP as well as the … Bangle factories, toys, camel bones, ornate bricks, and fire altars have been found here. A considerable fraction of the total questions asked in General Studies Paper I for UPSC IAS Exam three segments- Ancient India, Medieval India and Modern India. Daimabad Largest number of Bronze items including chariot, rhino, elephant, bull etc. Worship of female sex organs, trees and bull is also seen at sites. Ans B. Surkotda. Question 2. Features of Indus Valley Civilization BC. Description/Discovery /Findings. The Harappan reared cattle sheep, goat, and buffalo. Harappa, Mohanjodaro, Banawali and Dholavira are considered as the four main Harappan Sites. Civilization provides us much information about ancient India and its people. In India: Kalibangan (Rajasthan), Lothal, Dholavira, Rangpur, Surkotda (Gujarat), Banawali (Haryana), Ropar (Punjab). Dockyard, Terracotta figurine of a horse, fire altars, double burial (burying a male and a female in a single grave), and painted jar were found here. For the first time it’s been proved scientifically that dairy production was in place in the Indus Valley civilization in 2500 BCE, and the earliest known evidence of dairy production.. Indus Valley Civilization (also known as Harappan Civilization) was the first major civilization in South Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present-day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). Every day Himalai is coming with different subjects questions and answers with explanation analysis, these Questions will be both theoretical and fact based. Comparing to Kalibangan, which was a town established in lower middle valley of dried up Sarasvathi … Material Characteristics. This civilization appears to be about 2500-1700 BCE. These cultures were associated with distinctive pottery, evidence of agriculture and pastoralism; Grains found at Harappan sites include wheat, barley, lentil, chickpea and sesame. Bronze. Coastal trade during Harappan time. In the case of the Harappan culture, these distinctive objects include seals, beads, weights, … The known extent of IVC is up to Suktagendor in Baluchistan in the west; Alamgirpur (UP) in the east; Daimabad (Maharashtra) in the South; and Manda (Jammu & Kashmir) in the north. Also known as the Harappan civilization, it dates back to 2500 years ago. As per previous five years of UPSC paper analysis, following key sub-parts can be classified for Map portion: Part- I - A prehistoric site (2014) - Palaeolithic Site - Mesolithic Site - A Palaeolithic and … Here we are giving the list of major sites in the Indus valley civilizations along with its location, major findings which are very useful for UPSC IAS Prelims examination. ... Fragments of cotton cloth found at Mohenjo Daro and other sites show that cotton was also grown. Mohanjodaro discovered by – R. D. Banerji – Larkana district, Sind, Pakistan. This lecture talks about Early Harappan Sites keeping in mind UPSC History Optional Map. HARAPPAN CULTURE. Many sites in Sind formed the central zone of the pre-Harappan … Animal bones found at Harappan sites include those of cattle, sheep, goat, buffalo and pig. Also Read: History Books for UPSC in Hindi: Get Full Information on Best Books for UPSC in Hindi. 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