The 42nd Infantry Division had been made up of National Guard troops during World War I and nicknamed “the Rainbow Division” because it contained elements from 26 states. Historical source for stories, items and militaria of the Golden Lion Division. On Christmas Eve, 1944, my father, Staff Sergeant John Petro, had arrived in Strasbourg with the 42nd “Rainbow” Infantry Division. First Blood, An Account of the Action of the 41st Tank Battalion in the Battle of the Bulge Tank-Armored Infantry Coordination in Attack, (42nd Tank Battalion and 63rd Armored Infantry Battalion), by Lt Col George B. Pickett, Jr. Battle of the Bulge: U.S. Army 28th Infantry Division’s 110th Regimental Combat Team Upset the German Timetable August 1944 was a disastrous month for the Third Reich. History of the 42nd Infantry Division - History of the 21st Panzer Division - Pa. History of the 14th Armored Division - S. History of the 21st Panzer Division - Ma. 1st Platoon was at Wiltz (serving the 28th Infantry Division) while 3rd Platoon was in St. Vith served the 106th Infantry Division… By the end of January, the Allied forces had recaptured all ground taken by the German forces in this area. Troops of the 222nd Infantry were dug in inside the nearby Ohlugen Forest, with thick foliage and dense fog concealing both American and German positions. But the price was dear; 100,000 Americans were either killed or injured. In the West, American, British and Canadian armies had driven the Wehrmacht out of France and back to the Siegfried Line. The fighting began 16 December 1944 and became the last offensive by Nazi Germany in World War II. ← History of the Santa Tracker: How a Typo began Christmas tracking at NORAD, History of Christmas Eve: Polish Christmas Wafer →, Famous Sayings #189 — ‘New Year’s Resolution’ – Shmaltz and Menudo. The division then went on the attack against German units that had been severely ground down by the Nordwind attack. My father was 23 years old at the time he arrived in Strasbourg on that Christmas Eve in 1944. Division combat casualties totaled 6,184, a figure that exceeded the sum strength of any rifle company inside the division. The division headquarters is a unit of the New York Army National Guard. 42nd Armored Infantry Battalion: The 42nd Armored Infantry Battalion was formed in July 1951 at Ft. In the earliest days of 1945 the infantrymen of the 42nd Infantry Division, now a part of the New York Army National Guard, were locked in desperate combat against German tanks and paratroopers during Hitler’s final offensive in Western Europe. The 42nd Infantry Division had been made up of National Guard troops during World War I and nicknamed “the Rainbow Division” because it contained elements from 26 states. These units vary in size from a small number of people up to and including an Army Group. Major Douglas MacArthur, who worked for Secretary Baker, suggested amalgamating elements … The defense had held as reinforcements from the divisions which had been fighting in the Battle of the Bulge arrived to push the Germans back. By mid-February 1945 the rest of the 42nd Infantry Division arrived in France and the infantry regiments were rebuilt. Welcome to Wesley Johnston's (somewhat reluctant) Battle of the Bulge (Ardennes Offensive) web page, part of the 7th Armored Division web site.For now, this is primarily a link page, a focal point for Battle of the Bulge (Ardennes Offensive) information on the web. The 42nd Division adopted a shoulder patchand unit crests acknowledging the nickname. As soon as the Allies had broken out of the Normandy Beachhead, they pushed the Germans back rapidly until they had reached the … About 610.000 American troops were involved of whom some 89.000 were casualties, including 19.000 Killed in Action. That was our baptism of fire. But even this veteran division had its problems in the opening days of the battle of the Bulge, with German spearheads penetrating it in numerous places and cutting it off from contact with the 106th Division to the north. On the northern portion of the bulge the 30th Infantry Division stopped the German advance blocking a critical path to Liege and Antwerp. But the battle was much bigger than that. On that day, three US Army divisions converged on the camp: the 42nd Infantry, the 45th Infantry, and the 20th Armored. For example, when the German attack began … The original version of the patch symbolized a half arc rainbow and contained thin bands in multiple colors. Some entries list wartime battle field casualties rather than post … After Aachen, the 30th Division came off the line and moved back to Holland for a much-needed rest. He was exposed to enemy machine gun, small arms and even tank fire. They al… Good job — on this and other posts on your dad. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! “We were badly mauled and it was very demoralizing. Three days later there were 11 officers and 253 enlisted men reporting for duty. According to War Department General Order 114, December 7, 1945 there were approximately 2,000 units that received the Ardennes Credit, (The Battle of the Bulge). ”Is your Division a part of Roosevelt’s SS?”. And we were thrown back immediately,” he said of the Jan. 6 battle. "Situation on December 16, 1944 was as follows: HQs + attached Medical Battalions of the 134th Medical Group were located at Malmedy, those of the 64th Medical Group at Trois-Ponts, Platoons of the 42nd Field Hospital were spread across the front i.e. "Situation on December 16, 1944 was as follows: HQs + attached Medical Battalions of the 134th Medical Group were located at Malmedy, those of the 64th Medical Group at Trois-Ponts, Platoons of the 42nd Field Hospital were spread across the front i.e. They defended their patch of land as American soldiers around him fell in battle. They were committed to battle without the artillery, armor, engineers and logistics support the rest of the division would normally provide. So we were quickly repulsed. The German Wacht am Rhein “Watch on the Rhine” offensive had begun a week before my father arrived. "Situation on December 16, 1944 was as follows: HQs + attached Medical Battalions of the 134th Medical Group were located at Malmedy, those of the 64th Medical Group at Trois-Ponts, Platoons of the 42nd Field Hospital were spread across the front i.e. The 42nd Infantry Division had been made up of National Guard troops during World War I and nicknamed “the Rainbow Division” because it contained elements from 26 states. The attack came as a complete surprise. Between Saareguemines and Wissem, then, the Americans had nine infantry and elements of two armored divisions in place and on the alert by the end of December. In a failed Jan. 5 to Jan. 7 counterattack at Gambsheim, units from all three regiments were combined in a patchwork force that was ultimately repulsed. By mid-February 1945 the rest of the 42nd Infantry Division arrived in France and the infantry regiments were rebuilt. he earned 3 bronze stars during his service in the two wars. This is the order of battle of German and Allied forces during the Battle of the Bulge — specifically, at a point near the end of the battle, which lasted from 16 December 1944 until 25 January 1945.. As with any large Army organization in extended combat, forces and their assignments shifted over the course of the battle. The defense had held as reinforcements from the divisions which had been fighting in the Battle of the Bulge arrived to push the Germans back. To all whom participated in this battle, I thank you for your courage and devotion. Adolf Hitler‘s offensive intended to smash through Allied lines in the Belgian Ardennes Forest and race to the Atlantic coast, almost three hundred miles away. One conflict that stood out was the six-week Battle of the Bulge, which took place in Europe and began 76 years ago this month, in December 1944. Entered the Service From: January 18, 1945. History, Research, Commemoration and Guided Tours. This represented a tenth of all American casualties in World War II. Corson was wounded and captured with dozens of his soldiers. Vito Bertoldo decided to stay. But by the turn of the New Year, the Allied front became stable, supply lines firmed up, and reinforcements swelled the US troops to 600,000 with 400,000 supporting them. 4 th Infantry Division - Our Proud Heritage. In November, the Division moved into the Hurtgen Forest and fought what was to be its fiercest battle. The defenders were overrun. The regiment earned a Presidential Unit Citation for its actions. On Christmas Eve, 1944, my father, Staff Sergeant John Petro, had arrived in Strasbourg with the 42nd “Rainbow” Infantry Division. ... 5th Infantry Division. Find great deals for RAY LUHN 42ND INFANTRY DIVISION BATTLE OF THE BULGE VETERAN RARE SIGNED PHOTO. In World War II the division was reactivated but filled with draftee Soldiers. Losses included 614 killed, 2,605 wounded, 855 missing, 245 captured, and 1,865 non-battle casualties; over 750 of the non-battle … On November 17, 1917, the same year that America entered World War I, the 4th Division was formed at Camp Greene, North Carolina to begin its long tradition of service to our country. Shop with confidence on eBay! The French had begun evacuating it in 1939 when war was declared upon Germany by France and England following the German attack on Poland. The division then attacked German units that had been ground down by the Nordwind attack. They were called Task Force Linden, under the command of Brigadier General Henning Linden, and they marched from the coast up to the German-held French region of Alsace as part of the 7th Army. © 2021 Community Media Group, LLC - 341 Delaware Ave. Delmar, NY 12054. Many other Divisions participated, including the famed 101st Airborne Division, popularized by “Easy Company” in the HBO TV series Band of Brothers. Three Germans moved on the vehicle, killing one American Soldier, but were then killed in turn by Woelfer. For the Rainbow Division, their attack would lead into Germany and capture the cities of Wurzburg, Schweinfurt, Furth, Nuremberg, Dachau and Munich before the war ended in May of 1945. The Germans tried to send a boat across the river but were turned back by automatic weapons fire. Filled with draftees, the Fourth Division, whose insignia had been adopted by its first commanding general, Major General George H. Cameron, became … History of Christmas Music: More than just Carols. Hood, TX. The Germans launched their final assault just seven miles from the fight at Hatten on Jan. 24, looking to cut American supply lines back to Strasbourg in the town of Haguenau. 42nd "Rainbow" Infantry Division: a combat history of World War II. Facing the Americans were elements of a German tank division, a paratroop division and an infantry division. During WWII, the Bronze Star was a medal awarded specifically to ground troops engaged between Dec. 6, 1941, and Sept. 2, 1945, in recognition of heroic or meritorious achievement on the field of battle. 331st Medical Battalion, 106th Infantry Division During the Battle of the Bulge (December 1944 - January 1945) 134th Medical Group, Annual Report, 1944 134th Medical Group, Semi-Annual Report, 1 July 1945 Eight days earlier, the Battle of the Bulge had begun, and the 42nd Division, along with others, supplied much-needed reinforcements to the biggest and bloodiest battle of World War II involving American forces. They attacked straight into the 42nd Division. Making sure we can live in freedom. Private Robert Lee Mochel 35th Infantry Division,137th Infantry Regiment, D Co. The 42nd Infantry ( Rainbow) Division's history as a unit began with America's entry into World War I. Amidst the rush by America to mobilize, individual states competed with each other for the honor to be the first to send their National Guard units to fight in the trenches of Europe. The 232nd Regiment was brought up from reserve to help in the defense. Sol Feingold ot the 42nd Infantry Division concerning what he refers to as the -other battle of the Bulge." At Hatten, on Jan. 10, 1945 the 242nd Infantry Regiment and a battalion from the 79th Division tried to stop the German tanks and paratroopers again. The 42d Infantry Division (42ID) ("Rainbow") is a division of the National Guard and United States Army.The 42d Infantry Division has served in World War I, World War II and the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT). During the latter part of World War I and post war occupation duty in Germany, Rainbow Division soldiers modified the patch to a quarter arc, removing half the symbol to memorialize the half of the division's soldiers who became casualties (killed or wounded) during the war. He hoped to split the Allied forces and close the port of Antwerp, the largest held by the Allies on the continent, by using a “bulge” through Belgium. On this Christmas Eve, over three-quarters of a century later, remember to hold your loved ones close in the warmth of your love. HISTORY OF CHRISTMAS EVE AND THE BATTLE OF THE BULGE: 76 YEARS AGO. By mid-February 1945 the rest of the 42nd Infantry Division arrived in France and the infantry regiments were rebuilt. 78th Infantry Division: Major General E.P.Parker 309th Infantry Regiment 310th Infantry Regiment ... 42nd Field Artillery Battalion . 75th Infantry Division Post WWII Deceased Roster: Some names may be duplications - the information collected here is only as reliable as the source from which it was taken. “They had tanks and heavy artillery, endless infantry troops,” Bearse recalled. The officer and another prisoner were put on an M8 Greyhound armored car for transport to the rear. 42nd Infantry Division Soldiers were in desperate combat in January 1945 at "other Battle of the Bulge" The division is now part of the New York Army National Guard, headquartered in Troy, N.Y. 44th Field Artillery Battalion 4th Engineer Combat Battalion 70th Tank Battalion ... 9th Infantry Division (less detachments) Major General L.A.Craig 47th Infantry Regiment Welcome to Wesley Johnston's (somewhat reluctant) Battle of the Bulge (Ardennes Offensive) web page, part of the 7th Armored Division web site.For now, this is primarily a link page, a focal point for Battle of the Bulge (Ardennes Offensive) information on the web. The town of Strasbourg, located on the French-German border, had just been liberated from Nazi control by the French 2nd Armored Division forces only a month previously. The 4th Infantry Division held its ground during the Battle of the Bulge; crossed the Rhine, then the Danube, and finally ceased its advance at the Isar River in southern Germany. 42nd Infantry Division in Iraq 2004-05 By combattales on July 3, 2015 in Army , Guard-Reserves , Iraq (2002-2011) , Video Soldiers of the 42nd Infantry Division, New York National Guard, pay respects to a fallen comrade at a memorial service in Iraq. Third Platoon had to fight its way into its own company kitchen area. Return to Table of Contents "Rainbow Division" In 1917 men were selected from various units of the national Guard of 26 states and the District of Columbia to form a truly representative division with a view towards "bringing the war home" to the people. 518.439.4949, SPOTTED: Colonie boys beat Shaker; earn town bragging rights, Matthew McCabe, store owner, musician and former city commish, dies from COVID, Jail under lockdown, 173 new cases and four deaths in Albany County, Sheriff: Two men forget drug stash in rental car, arrested when they go back for it, POLL: 75 percent plan to get vaccinated; nearly half say Sen. Schumer will have a positive impact as majority leader, Albany County vaccinates 375 at TU center. It had been occupied and transformed into a German town for four years, from 1940-1944. US soldiers from the 42nd Infantry Division were hurried to France in the final days of 1944, expecting to head to a quiet sector. the 42nd was formerly the old 41st Armored Regiment and fought with both the CCA and CCB in WW 2 It was with CCB during the vicious … “At no time did I have in mind that I was trying to win something.”. The division is currently headquartered at the Glenmore Armory in Troy, New York with the New York National Guard.. Bill Petro, your friendly neighborhood historian www.billpetro.com. Gen. Henning Linden. Rock County. Others moved to the major battle Operation Northwind to prevent the Germans from smashing through the Alsace-Lorraine region in January of 1945. He fired on approaching German tanks and panzer grenadiers, repeatedly defeating the German attacks and killing 40 of the enemy. Battle of the Bulge 17 December 1944 to 5 January 1945 1st Army: ... 42nd Field Artillery Battalion . Pickett joined the 16th Armored Division in mid-April and assumed command of the 64th Armored Infantry Battalion. The Reinforced Tank Battalion (42nd with 63rd AIB) In … CHIÈVRES, Belgium -- People from around the world will gather in Bastogne, Belgium, Dec. 13 to 16 to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Battle of the Bulge.The 42nd … The back and forth fighting continued through the rest of the night as the 222nd fought to contain the German breakthrough towards Haguenau. And it was a loser.”. From the son of another 232/E Company squad leader, John J. Taylor. 4 th Infantry Division - Our Proud Heritage. History of the 14th Armored Division - S. History of the 79th Infantry Division - History of the 21st Panzer Division - Sh. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. “One morning my company moved to a barren, frozen hillside with orders to dig defensive positions covering an area about three times larger than we were capable of adequately defending. And it … The 42nd Division took up a 31-mile sector along the Rhine River defensive lines. By mid-February 1945, the rest of the 42nd Infantry Division arrived in France. From there on December 26, some of the 42nd Division would move north and west to the Battle of the Bulge. 42nd Infantry Division Soldiers were in desperate combat in January 1945 at "other Battle of the Bulge" The division is now part of the New … By Christmas Eve, the American troops at the Battle of the Bulge had taken heavy casualties, and reinforcements were very much needed. The defense held as reinforcements from the divisions that had been fighting in the Battle of the Bulge arrived to push the Germans back. Formation of the “Rainbow” division was authorized on August 1, 1917, less than two months after creation of the AEF’s first operational division, the 1st US Infantry Division, “the Big Red One.” That unit had been formed by the amalgamation of regular army units. 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