Standardized testing is a common practice from grade school to graduate school, but are standardized tests effective? It is a process which holds students and teachers accountable. However, many tips and tricks for how to approach standardized tests can be found online. 3. Through standardized testing, we can identify the areas of an educational system that need to evolve so we can put modern learning opportunities into the hands of our students. Creates competition between students, schools, districts, etc. It can provide information that schools need to form sub-group learning opportunities. when a student performs in the standardized test, or if by any chance, the test scores are not up to mark, it can leave a negative impact in the minds of the students. (2020, December 7). Cons. Julie Anne Wells Tuesday, May 14, 2019. Proponents argue that standardized tests offer an objective measurement of education and a good metric to gauge areas for improvement, as well as offer meaningful data to help students in marginalized groups, and that the scores are good indicators of college and job success. ... these standardized options help to provide more individual insights than other common evaluation methods today. In fact, students, parents and even teachers are opting out of the Common Core exams. The last time Americans celebrated being 23rd, 39th and 25th in anything was … well, never. Teacher evaluations should incorporate as many pieces of data as possible. Even within individual school districts, the amount of funding a specific school receives is often dependent on the test scores that are achieved. 8. Accountability – Accountability is one thing that this kind of examination offers which is accountable for both teachers and students. This is especially true for gifted and talented students who can regularly score in the top percentile ratings for their grade level. Popham, (2001) and Sacks, (1999) suggest that through pros a student will have to pass certain tests to determine that he or she has acquired proficiency in various fields of study. 22329. Black and Brown excellence is real, but just because a kid lives in Dorchester [Massachusetts] does not make his or her life is less valuable than a child that lives in Wellesley [Massachusetts]. Some states even require high school students to take the ACT or SAT to graduate. It creates an accepted set of standards that are established throughout the entire educational community. However, there has been an ongoing debate among scholars, parents, and teachers on the effectiveness of these tests. The pros and cons of standardized testing show us that evaluating how students and teachers perform is an important part of the educational process. Mandatory National Service – Should the United States Have Mandatory National Service? I remember a science test that had been developed in California and it asked about earthquakes. What are standardized tests? With a poor standardized test score, students can think less of themselves and their abilities. Students that are highly intelligent and take the standardized tests well will often receive little attention from their teacher because the teacher’s focus has shifted to the poor test takers. The Benefits of Standardized Testing . By Thomas Broderick For Americans 60 and younger, standardized testing is part of our shared experience. Here are a few of the pros and cons of standardized testing. Although studying opportunities do tend to decline with standardized testing, kids often approach a standardized test as a local competition. That allows students, even if they have a disability, to have a chance at experiencing the equality that comes from everyone taking the same test. School is often approached as a job. Social Media – Are Social Networking Sites Good for Our Society? This lesson will highlight some of the pros and cons of standardized testing. On pros and cons: “Pros: Standardized assessments provide a snapshot of how well a student is learning state standards. 2. Discuss why those make a valuable opinion to standardized testing. They assess students based on a similar set of questions, are given under nearly identical testing conditions, and are graded by a machine or blind reviewer. According to the late Gerald W. Bracey, PhD and education researcher, there are certain qualities that standardized tests cannot measure, such as critical thinking, creativity, motivation, resilience, curiosity, persistence, reliability, endurance, empathy, enthusiasm, self-discipline, self-awareness, civic-mindedness, leadership, compassion, courage, sense of beauty, resourcefulness, honesty, sense of wonder and integrity. Administration observation, student surveys, student test scores, professional portfolios, and on and on. 3. (Here’s an example.) The educational system in the United States has been using standardized tests to evaluate the performance of students. The teacher prepares and carries out the tasks associated with certain learning skills and uniformly applied across the students. The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1204 Words | 5 Pages. Thirty years ago, computers were a rarity in the classroom environment. Standardized tests are unfair and discriminatory against non English speakers and students with special needs. On pros and cons: “Pros: Standardized assessments provide a snapshot of how well a student is learning state standards. It measures only a small portion of what makes education meaningful. Fair and Objective However, many tips and tricks for how to approach standardized tests can be found online. The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1839 Words | 8 Pages. Teachers also have conscious and unconscious biases for a favorite student or against a rowdy student, for example. The current use of No. In some instances, the pros are not well enough to outweigh the cons and the cons have outweighed the pros. Standardized Testing – PROS […] Pros of Standardized Testing. This has only increased since the conversion to Common Core. Standardized testing has been around for a long time with a storied history of evaluating university prospects, job candidates, and other forms of aptitude and intelligence. The tests do not evaluate creativity, problem solving, critical thinking, artistic ability, or other knowledge areas that cannot be judged by scoring a sheet of bubbles filled in with a pencil. Then, determine your stance (for, against, undecided, indifferent, etc.) If we can focus less on taking the test and more on teaching every student in an individualized way as much as possible, we will be able to see the true benefits of this type of test. Standardized tests only measure a fraction of what a student has learned. 7. 1. The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 692 Words | 3 Pages. Death Penalty – Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed? It’s not just that the designers have unconscious racial bias; the standardized testing industry depends on these kinds of biased questions in order to create a wide range of scores.” Choi offers an example from his own 10th grade class, “a student called me over with a question. The act states that if state-run schools are to receive federal funding, students should be given (and must pass) certain assessments. In doing so, the goal is to raise the testing scores that the teachers and students are able to achieve. Standardized testing has not improved student achievement. 2. This competition often limits the amount of time students have for exercise and play, which can affect their social development. A student who comes into fourth grade at a first-grade reading level, but improves to a third-grade reading level by the end of the year, will still be measured as being deficient on their standardized test. First, let’s start with some background. When you try to analyze the New England kids with the California kids, you would get a differential item functioning flag because the California kids were all over the subject of earthquakes, and the kids in Vermont had no idea about earthquakes.” [57], With problematic questions removed, or adapted for different populations of students, standardized tests offer the best objective measure of what students have learned. Standardized Testing – CONS Creates major stress for students and teachers. The Army tests were created specifically to segregate soldiers by race, because at the time science inaccurately linked intelligence and race. ProCon.org. Standardized tests have been a part of American education since the mid-1800s. Standardized testing only provides a one-day evaluation for a student. that takes away focus from the ultimate goal (student success). 5. For these students, standardized testing is a negative experience. ... Another potential problem with standardized testing is that it could stifle innovation. Then, determine your stance (for, against, undecided, indifferent, etc.) In the US, standardized testing today often doesn’t account for any special needs that a student may have, so the results for each student may not be entirely accurate. Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing . We use test results, along with a slew of other data, to inform instruction for each child. It seems likely that the kinds of habits high school grades capture are more relevant for success in college than a score from a single test.” [84], © 2020 Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. If a student moves to a different school district, their knowledge and learning processes aren’t going to dramatically change because of standardized testing. The Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 883 Words | 4 Pages. Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): [Editor's Note: The APA citation style requires double spacing within entries. It’s true that computer grading can eliminate the subjectivity of the grade. Schools are also judged through this process, which has led to some being closed or brought under new management because of a lack of quality. Their use is often touted because it allows students and teachers to be compared with one another, showing how well someone is performing or what educational gaps may need to be addressed. [68] [69] External stereotypes also play a part in scores: “research indicates that being targeted by well-known stereotypes (‘blacks are unintelligent,’ ‘Latinos perform poorly on tests,’ ‘girls can’t do math’ and so on) can be threatening to students in profound ways, a predicament they call ‘stereotype threat. The pros and cons of standardized tests. The article “12 Primary Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing” states, “Without these tests, policy makers would have to depend on tests that are scored by individual teachers and schools that have a vested interest in producing favorable results.” Cons: You must be self-motivated. The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing. Last modified on December 7, 2020. We can improve that be looking at additional key points like these. 5. [ 56] S Pros of Standardized Testing: 1. In short, the tests only show which students are best at preparing for and taking the tests, not what knowledge students might exhibit if their stomachs weren’t empty. 15 years after the inception of EQAO testing in Ontario, is it providing us with valuable information and accountability, or is doing more harm than good? Teacher evaluations have been tied to standardized test results. [72], Brandon Busteed, Executive Director, Education & Workforce Development at the time of the quote, stated, “Despite an increased focus on standardized testing, U.S. results in international comparisons show we have made no significant improvement over the past 20 years, according to the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). The ACT and SAT are as much a rite of passage as they are tools for colleges to determine whom to admit. You should research the pros and cons of standardized testing in the United States and then make up your own mind about whether or … You could miss out on test-taking tips and tricks that come from coaches. What computers cannot do is eliminate the subjectivity of the people who create the test in the first place. At Whitby, we believe that standardized testing can benefit studentsas long as its looked at in the right light. These will further tend to … Many people just don’t perform well on a test because of the pressure that a test provides. High Stakes Testing Pros and Cons. Pros And Cons Of Standardized Testing 1464 Words | 6 Pages "Contrary to popular assumptions about standardized testing, the tests do a poor job of measuring student achievement" (Harris 1). Ultimately, students’ futures and school funding rely on these standardized test scores. The pros and cons of standardized testing show that the amount of information that these tests can generate is invaluable. Standardized tests only look at raw comprehension data. Below well discuss some of the benefits of standardized assessments, as well as some of the ways standardised assessments can be negative for students. Test Prep Coach: Pros: You will receive direct teaching to improve your deficits. There are also subjectivisms in the grading systems for certain reading and writing activities that are based solely on teacher opinion. Standardized testing will only determine how proficient a student is at the time the test has been taken. Below are the proper citations for this page according to four style manuals (in alphabetical order): the Modern Language Association Style Manual (MLA), the Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago), the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), and Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian). Education in the United States has included standardized testing in some way since the mid-1800s. It allows overseers to determine the effectiveness of an educational system. Cons: You must be self-motivated. A standardized test could determine the knowledge a student has about musical theory, but it cannot judge the quality of a composition that a student might create. After examining both sides argument, the idea of having standardized testing seems to be more beneficial, and outweighs the pros of not having testing. In 1934, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) hired a teacher and inventor named Reynold B. Johnson (best known for creating the world’s first commercial computer disk drive) to create a production model of his prototype test scoring machine. One of the authors, Elaine M. Allensworth, PhD, Lewis-Sebring Director of the University of Chicago Consortium, stated, “GPAs measure a very wide variety of skills and behaviors that are needed for success in college, where students will encounter widely varying content and expectations. Standardized testing is an essential tool to developing an advantageous school curriculum. Parents can also see how the educational opportunities in their region compare to national statistics. Testing also is a helpful tool to inform parents and teachers on a student 's progress in class. Researchers hypothesize that one explanation for the gender difference on high-stakes tests is risk aversion, meaning girls tend to guess less.” [68], 16 states and DC have stopped using standardized tests in teacher evaluations. 3. ProCon.org is the institutional or organization author for all ProCon.org pages. Standardized testing is an essential tool to developing an advantageous school curriculum. One of the advantages of standardized testing centers on the fact that it has been very useful in the development and implementation of education policies and thereby, in regulating the education system within a particular jurisdiction. A school might have a computer lab in 1985 with a handful of stations and that was it. Cons of standardized tests are as follows: Test scores might impact on the confidence of the students. Mark Moulon, PhD, Chief Executive Officer at Pythias Consulting and psychometrician, offered an example: “If you find that your question on skateboarding is one that boys find to be an easy question, but girls find to be a hard question, that’ll pop up as a statistic. Only two words, but a world of stress for teachers, students, and parents. The scores are valuable because an independent agency develops and performs assessments and they come from a reliable source and provide us outcomes which we can be … The net result is less wasted instructional time and a simplified way of timeline management.2) Gives parents a good idea of how their children are doing as compared to students across the country and locally. It promises big results that do not usually happen. Standardized tests can struggle to evaluate a student’s total growth. School Uniforms – Should Students Have to Wear School Uniforms? Even though educators, parents and policymakers might think change signals impact, it says much more about the change in who the students are because it is not measuring the growth of the same student from one year to the next.” [71], Further, because each state develops its own tests, standardized tests are not necessarily comparable across state lines, leaving nationwide statistics shaky at best. Standardized tests, such as the ACT or GRT, are also useful in determining placement in advanced educational programs. Teachers can see what they need to teach and when they are able to teach it. Our focus on standardized testing hasn’t helped us improve our results!” [73], Busteed asks, “What if our overreliance on standardized testing has actually inhibited our ability to help students succeed and achieve in a multitude of other dimensions? The Testing is Standard. Standardized testing leads to less time learning, a more narrow curriculum and more time overall taking tests. Select two pros and two cons of standardized testing. Taking that information, schools can determine areas for improvement. As Dan Goldhaber, PhD, Director of the Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research, and Umut Özek, PhD, senior researcher at the American Institutes for Research, summarize, “students who score one standard deviation higher on math tests at the end of high school have been shown to earn 12% more annually, or $3,600 for each year of work life in 2001… Similarly… test scores are significantly correlated not only with educational attainment and labor market outcomes (employment, work experience, choice of occupation), but also with risky behavior (teenage pregnancy, smoking, participation in illegal activities).” [67], Standardized test scores are easily influenced by outside factors: stress, hunger, tiredness, and prior teacher or parent comments about the difficulty of the test, among other factors. Standardized tests are a test given to assess a student or a group of students using a test with the same questions and answers to determine students educational stand points. Select two pros and two cons of standardized testing. Standardized tests offer an objective measurement of education and a good metric to gauge areas for improvement. You can learn in a one-on-one setting. Educational systems are not meant to be static structures. If a student receives a 90% rating in mathematics, for example, then parents know that their student is performing better in that subject than 90% of their peers throughout the country. As a teacher, you will encounter standardized testing many times in your career. Or at training students to apply creative thinking to solve messy and complex issues with no easy answers?” [73], The origin of American standardized tests are those created by psychologist Carl Brigham, PhD, for the Army during World War I, which was later adapted to become the SAT. Since 2002, their use has been more common in all 50 states within the US. 4. In the USA, American students begin taking a standardized test in primary school. The U.S. most recently ranked 23rd, 39th and 25th in reading, math and science, respectively. Teachers’ grading practices are naturally uneven and subjective. Children with above-average innate intellectual abilities often struggle with boredom and frustration in school, which may turn them off and lead to underachievement and behavioral problems.Using IQ tests, educators can identify children who need more stimulation and are capable of learning faster, and offer them a richer educational experience. Cons of standardized testing. An A in one class may be a C in another. Standardized testing has been implemented for over a decade, but according to studies, the achievement gap still hasn’t narrowed. The Pros and Cons of Standardized Testing. How to cite this page. Parents receive more information about their student. In fact, students, parents and even teachers are opting out of the Common Core exams. One of the ways to have that test create a spread of scores is to limit items in the test to socioeconomic variables, because socioeconomic status is a nicely spread out distribution, and that distribution does in fact spread kids’ scores out on a test.” [75], As Young Whan Choi, Manager of Performance Assessments Oakland Unified School District in Oakland, California, explains, “Too often, test designers rely on questions which assume background knowledge more often held by White, middle-class students. They argue standardized tests are useful metrics for teacher evaluations. Illegal Immigration – What Are the Solutions to Illegal Immigration in America? The more data that is used, the more accurate the picture it will paint.” [64], Standardized tests can offer evidence of and promote academic rigor, which is invaluable in college as well as in students’ careers. 5. This can be especially problematic for students who are high knowledge individuals, but poor test takers. If a student is not performing as they should, then these gaps can be identified immediately and adjustments to their learning process made. Standardized testing has been implemented for over a decade, but according to studies, the achievement gap still hasn’t narrowed. This further limits the learning potential of students, especially the gifted and talented students who would benefit from skill-based learning. I don’t give any multiple choice tests in our homeschool. And abolishing the tests or sabotaging the validity of their results only makes it harder to identify and fix the deep-seated problems in our schools.” [62], While grades and other measures are useful for teacher evaluations, standardized tests provide a consistent measure across classrooms and schools. Standardized testing does offer an alternate version of a test to accommodate some students. This means teachers at every grade level are teaching curricula that is similar, no matter where they happen to be. They are a familiar component of the US educational system. There’s almost certain to be a significant mismatch between what’s taught and what’s tested.” [81], Margaret Pastor, PhD, Principal of Stedwick Elementary School in Maryland, stated: “[A]n assistant superintendent… pointed out that in one of my four kindergarten classes, the student scores were noticeably lower, while in another, the students were outperforming the other three classes. Standardized tests are carefully constructed tests that have uniformity of … Teachers’ grading practices are naturally uneven and subjective. Are standardized test truly a fair assessment of student’s abilities or not? The pros and cons of standardized testing show that the amount of information that these tests can generate is invaluable. When we look at Whitby’s assessment data, we can compare our students to their peers at other schools to determine what we’re doing well within our educational continuum and where we need to invest more time and resources.” [58], Keri Rodrigues, Co-founder of the National Parents Union, explained, “If I don’t have testing data to make sure my child’s on the right track, I’m not able to intervene and say there is a problem and my child needs more. 2. 1) Standardized testing gives teachers guidance to help them determine what to teach students and when to teach it. Standardized assessment is a learning metric While students are evaluated by standardized tests, we get a reliable metric that we can use to analyze the progress of our education system. Every student is evaluated in the same way with these tests, which means there is a guarantee of a specific educational framework in every school. 2 pencils on standardized tests is a holdover from the 1930s through the 1960s, when scanning machines scored answer sheets by detecting the electrical conductivity of graphite pencil marks. ” [59], Sheryl Lazarus, PhD, Director of the National Center on Educational Outcomes at the University of Minnesota, stated, “a real plus of these assessments is that they’ve really shone a light on the differences across sub-groups. 4. We view standardized testing data as not only another set of data points to assess student performance, but also as a means to help us reflect on our curriculum. Students learn in a variety of ways. What the test may cover may not be what the students have learned in class. The scores on a standardized test become part of the public record. This means there is a lot of unnecessary competition between classrooms and schools about test results just so that the school can receive the funding that they want or need. And the community can’t say this school is doing well, this teacher needs help to improve, or this system needs new leadership… It’s really important to have a statewide test because of the income disparity that exists in our society. The numbers are continuing to grow, ... Pros and Cons. The earliest known standardized tests were administered to government job applicants in 7th Century Imperial China. Standardized testing provides a set of data that can be mined by schools to improve their structure, teaching methods, and activities. Abstract This paper explores two published books that touched on pros and cons of standardized testing in schools. The numbers are continuing to grow, and just recently, Missouri Legislature banned the test. A necessity. While studies find a negative relationship between test preparation and instructional quality, some experts believe that concerns about teaching to the test may be exaggerated. As technologies and knowledge changes and grows, our educational systems must be able to adapt. This can occur when the characteristics of a new device do not meet the explicit or tacit assumptions that were made in creating the test. Veteran Florida educator, Marion Brady, outlines 34 problems with standardized tests. For example, how effective are schools at identifying and educating students with high entrepreneurial talent? Standardized tests give my children test taking practice. Many people claim that standardized testing allows an accurate measurement of student progress and teacher effectiveness. Here are a few negative effects of standardized testing: Commercially-produced, machine-scored standardized tests are unavoidably biased by social-class, ethnic, regional, and other cultural differences. In contrast, standardized tests measure only a small set of the skills that students need to succeed in college, and students can prepare for these tests in narrow ways that may not translate into better preparation to succeed in college.” [83], Matthew M. Chingos, PhD, Vice President of Education Data and Policy at the Urban Institute, explained, “earning good grades requires consistent behaviors over time—showing up to class and participating, turning in assignments, taking quizzes, etc.—whereas students could in theory do well on a test even if they do not have the motivation and perseverance needed to achieve good grades. This disrupts school routines, lessens time teaching and learning. As Bryan Nixon, former Head of School at private school Whitby, noted, “When we receive standardized test data at Whitby, we use it to evaluate the effectiveness of our education program. [63], Timothy Hilton, a high school social studies teacher in South Central Los Angeles, stated, “No self-respecting teacher would use a single student grade on a single assignment as a final grade for the entirety of a course, so why would we rely on one source of information in the determination of a teacher’s overall quality? Gifted and talented students who would benefit from skill-based learning administered in New England spread scores! This kind of examination offers which is accountable for both teachers and students be what the students the U.S. recently. Systems are pushing back on things like standardized testing pros and cons Core state standards we improve! And without College Degrees skyrocketed after 2002 ’ s performance it creates an set. From the ultimate goal ( student success ) National Service kill '' rote learning 's! On tests can see what they need to teach and when they are.... 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